Scholarly Societies Project

Chronicle for Societies Founded from 1323 to 1599
30 Societies
15 History Pages
12 Websites
Last Updated: 2007, August 9

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Date
Founded
Seat
Society Name
1323
France
Toulouse
Compagnie du Gai Sçavoir
[The oldest academy in Europe. Now called Académie des Jeux Floraux = Academy of Floral Games]
[ Brief Webpage]
[No website found, as of 2004, July 9.]
1430
Italy
Treia
Accademia dei Sollevati
[According to an historical page on Treia, this Academy was founded in 1430 by Bartolomeo Vignati as the Accademia dei Sollevati and was devoted to poetry and literature. It was reconstituted in 1778 as the Accademia Georgica (Agricultural Academy), with a broader scope, but with a shift in emphasis to agriculture. Their findings were evidently published in the Giornale di Arti e Commercio. Perhaps Giornale delle Arti e del Commercio (1780-1781, v.1-v.3) is intended here; see Harvard Univ. cat. and GBV German Union cat.. Other than that, the only serial publication of theirs appears to be an Atti for an 1896 session (published 1897); see SBN Italian Union cat.]
Website
1443
Italy
Naples
Porticus Antonianus
[The Academy is now known as the Accademia Pontaniana. It has had a variety of names in the past, including Porticus Antonianus, and Società Pontaniana di Napoli.]
Website
1460
Italy
Rome
Accademia Pomponiana = Accademia Romana = Accademia di Roma
[This Academy was created in 1460 around the humanist Giulio Pomponio Leto (1425 or 1427 - 1498), and was devoted to classical Roman culture. It was suppressed in 1468, but later revived. The Academy was dissolved in 1527 with the sack of Rome. More information in Paolo Marsi da Pescina : contributo alla storia dell'Accademia Pomponiana by Arnaldo DellaTorre (1903) ( GBV German Union cat.) and Univ. Calif. cat.
Brief information.]
1462
Italy
Florence
Accademia Platonica (Platonic Academy)
[The Academy was founded in 1462 (or 1459) by Marsilio Ficino, primarily to study the works of Plato and his followers. It was also interested in scientific texts from antiquity. The Academy was dissolved in 1522.]
1464
France
Bourges
Académie Berrichonne
[This Academy was founded in 1464 by King Louis XI of France and Pope Paul II.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1477
Italy
Spoleto
Accademia degli Ottusi (Academy of the Blunt Ones)
[Later known as the Accademia Spoletina degli Ottusi; now known simply as the Accademia Spoletina.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1480
Italy
Viterbo
Accademia delle Scienze e delle Arti degli Ardenti di Viterbo (Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Enthusiasts of Viterbo)
[We have not yet been able to establish that the Academy ever published a journal, as of 20010513.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1494
Italy
Venezia
Neakademia = Accademia Aldina (New Academy = Aldina Academy)
[This Academy was created in Venezia in 1494 for the propagation of Greek scholarship, and was directed by the celebrated humanist and printer Aldo Manuzio (Aldus Manutius). It evidently ceased in 1515.
Brief information.]
1505
Scotland
Edinburgh
Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh
[Now known as: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSE).]
Website.
1511
Italy
Cosenza
Accademia Parrasiana
[The Academy was founded in 1511 as the Accademia Parrasiana, and has had a number of other names over time, including: Accademia Telesiana, Accademia Cosentina, and Accademia dei Pescatori Cratilidi. It is now known as the Accademia Cosentina.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1518
England
London
Royal College of Physicians (RCP)
[Also known as: Royal College of Physicians of London.]
Website.
1525
Italy
Siena
Accademia degli Intronati (Academy of the Dazed Ones)
[Also known for part of its existence as Accademia intronata and Reale Accademia Senese degli Intronati. Now called Accademia Senese degli Intronati. More information in L'Accademia degli intronati di Siena e una sua commedia by Lolita Petracchi Costantin (pub. 1928) ( Harvard Univ. cat.).]
[ Brief Webpage]
[No website found, as of 2004, July 9.]
1532
Scotland
Edinburgh
Faculty of Advocates
Website
1540
Italy
Florence
Accademia degli Umidi
[The Academy was founded in 1540 around the Florentine Giovanni Mazzuoli da Strada, with the goal of defending the usage of the Florentine language. In 1541 it took the name Accademia Fiorentina o Società di Eloquenza; it is often referred to simply as the Accademia Fiorentina. In 1783, by order of the granduca Pietro Leopoldo di Lorena, the Academy was merged with the Accademia degli Apatisti (founded 1631) and the Accademia della Crusca (founded 1583) to become the Accademia Fiorentina Seconda, which in 1808 became the Accademia Fiorentina Terza. This latter Academy ceased to exist in 1811, at which time the Accademia della Crusca reconstituted itself.]
Brief Webpage.
England
London
Company of Barber-Surgeons
[Founded in 1540 by Henry VIII as the Company of Barber-Surgeons. In 1745, the surgeons broke away from the barbers to form a separate Company of Surgeons. In 1800 it became the Royal College of Surgeons in London. At a later date, the name was changed to Royal College of Surgeons of England.]
RCSE Website.
1541
Ireland
Dublin
Honorable Society of King's Inns
[Professional society for Irish lawyers.]
Website.
1555
Italy
Vicenza
Accademia degli Olimpici (Academy of the Olympians)
[The Academy was founded in 1555 as the Accademia degli Olimpici. At some later times, it seems to have taken the names Accademia Olimpica di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, and Accademia Olimpica d'Agricoltura, Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Vicenza. It is now known as the Accademia Olimpica.]
Website
1560
Italy
Naples
Accademia dei Segreti (Academia Secretorum Naturae = Academy of Secrets of Nature)
[Founded by Giambattista della Porta, this was evidently the first scientific academy. It was closed in 1580 due to opposition from ecclesiastical authorities.]
1562
Italy
Mantova
Accademia degli Invaghiti (Academy of the Infatuated Ones)
[According to Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, p.363, this Academy was founded as the Accademia degli Invaghiti (Academy of the Infatuated Ones) in November, 1562 by Giulio Cesare Gonzaga. According to Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, pp.375, the Invaghiti were composed almost entirely of nobility, and in the early 1600s another Accademia was established in Mantova from the middle class: the Accademia degli Invitti (the Academy of the Invincible Ones). On 1645, April 18, the latter proposed to change to the less vainglorious name of Accademia dei Timidi (the Academy of the Bashful Ones), and this was done on 1648, March 12 ( Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, pp.376). According to Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, pp.365, in 1738 a planned restoration of the Accademia degli Invaghiti failed, and a portion of its members joined the Accademia dei Timidi; in 1752, the remaining members of the Accademia degli Invaghiti joined the Colonia Arcadica Virgiliana, which had been founded that year ( Maylender (1926-1930), v.5, pp.475). In 1767, plans were finalized to create a new Academy incorporating members from both the Accademia dei Timidi and the Colonia Arcadica Virgiliana (Maylender (1926-1930), v.5, pp.470-471). The new Academy was called Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti = Reale Accademia di Scienze e Belle Lettere di Mantova and evidently began operation in 1768.]
1582
Spain
Madrid
Academia de Matemáticas de Madrid (Academy of Mathematics of Madrid)
[There is a reference to this Academy in the History Page of the Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, giving a founding date of 1582. On p.116 of The Timetables of Science (1988), however, the name is given as Academia de Ciencias Matematicas, with a founding date of 1575. The Univ. Calif. cat. lists a 1995 reprint ed. of a 1584 publication in Madrid by Juan de Herrera (ca. 1530-1597) entitled Institución de la Academia Real Mathematica. According to an article in n.39 of Revista de la UPM, the Academy ceased to exist in 1625, and its resources became the property of the newly created Reales Estudios del Colegio Imperial de Madrid.]
1583
Italy
Florence
Accademia della Crusca (AC) (Academy of Bran)
Website
1584
Italy
Lucca
Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Lucca)
[The Academy was founded in 1584 as the Accademia degli Oscuri. Since that time it has had other names, including: (1) Accademia Napoleone; (2) Reale Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti; (3) I. e R. Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti; (4) Imperiale e Reale Accademia Lucchese ; and (5) Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (its current name).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1585
Italy
Rome
Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia (National Academy of Saint Cecilia)
Website
1588
Italy
Bologna
Accademia dei Gelati di Bologna (Academy of the Frozen Ones of Bologna)
[The Accademia was founded in 1588 and lasted until the end of the 18th century.]
1589
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia de Farmacia (Royal Academy of Pharmacy)
[Founded in 1589 as Congregación y Colegio de Boticarios del Sr. San Lucas y Nuestra Sra. de la Purificación.]
[Some additional historical information is given at the history pages of the Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos de Madrid.]
Website.
1594
Scotland
Edinburgh
Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet
Website
1597
Italy
Volterra
Accademia dei Sepolti (Academy of the Buried Ones [or Immersed Ones])
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1599
Italy
Padova
Accademia dei Ricovrati (Academy of the Sheltered Ones)
[In 1779, the Accademia dei Ricovrati merged with the Accademia di Arte Agraria (founded 1769), to form the Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Padova.]
Scotland
Glasgow
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
Website.

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