Scholarly Societies Project

Data for Societies Founded from 1820 to 1829
40 Societies
32 History Pages
25 Websites
Last Updated: 2009, January 8

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1820
Seat
Society Name
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Details
France
Savoie
Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Savoie (ASBLAS) = Académie de Savoie
(Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Savoy = Academy of Savoy)
[The Academy was founded in 1820 as the Société Académique de Savoie. It has had the following other names: (1) Société Royale Académique de Savoie; (2) Académie Royale de Savoie; (3) Académie Impériale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Savoie; (4) Académie Impériale de Savoie; (5) Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Savoie (a current name); and (6) Académie de Savoie (another current name).]
Website
France
Paris
Académie Nationale de Médecine (ANM) (National Academy of Medicine)
[The Academy was founded in 1820 as the Académie Royale de Médecine. It later had the following sequence of names: (1) Académie Nationale de Médecine; (2) Académie Impériale de Médecine; (3) Académie de Médecine; and (4) Académie Nationale de Médecine (its current name).]
Website
Germany
Apotheker-Verein im Nördlichen Teutschland (Pharmacists Union of Northen Germany)
[The Union was founded in 1820 as the Apothekerverein in Westphalen, from which the Apotheker-Verein im Nördlichen Teutschland emerged. It later became the Apotheker-Verein in Norddeutschland = Norddeutscher Apotheker-Verein. In 1850 the latter merged with the Süddeutscher Apothekerverein (founded in 1848) to form the Allgemeiner Deutscher Apothekerverein, later known as the Deutscher Apothekerverein or Deutscher Apotheker-Verein.]
 
England
London
Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)
[The Society was founded on 1820, January 12 as the Astronomical Society of London; on 1831 March 7, it took its current name, Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).]
Website
England
London
Royal Society of Literature (RSL) = Royal Society of Literature of the United Kingdom (RSLUK)
Website

1821
Seat
Society Name
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Details
U.S.A.
Delaware
Delaware Chemical and Geological Society
[According to both Bolton (1897), p.731, and Bogert (1908), p.167, this Society was founded on 1821, September 6 and was short-lived. It probably ceased well before 1830.]
 
England
London
Royal Medico-Botanical Society of London
[The Society was founded in 1821 as the Medico-Botanical Society of London. By 1840 it had already become the Royal Medico-Botanical Society of London. It evidently ceased in 1852.]
 
Scotland
Edinburgh
Royal Scottish Society of Arts (RSSA)
[The Society was founded in 1821 as the Society for the Encouragement of the Useful Arts in Scotland. In 1841 it took the name Royal Scottish Society of Arts (RSSA).]
Website
Australia
North Ryde
Royal Society of New South Wales (RSNSW)
[The Society was founded on 1821, June 27 as the Philosophical Society of Australasia. It later had the following sequence of names: (1) Australian Philosophical Society; (2) Philosophical Society of New South Wales; and (3) Royal Society of New South Wales (its current name).]
Website
France
Paris
Société de Géographie (SG) (Society of Geography)
[The Society was founded on 1821, December 15.]
Website
France
Paris
Société des Bonnes-Lettres (Society of Fine Letters)
[This ceased, probably around 1830.]
 

1822
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Argentina
Buenos Aires
Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires (ANMBA) (National Academy of Medicine of Buenos Aires)
Website
Italy
San Miniato
Accademia degli Euteleti (Academy of the Euteleti)
[This Academy was founded in 1822 as the Società Scientifico-Letteraria, and soon became the Società Scientifico-Letteraria degli Euteleti in Samminiato. It was later called the Accademia degli Euteleti and the Accademia degli Euteleti della Città di San Miniato.]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
Germany
Bad Honnef
Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte (GDNÄ) (Society of German Researchers and Physicians) Website
France
Paris
Société Asiatique (Asiatic Society)
[The Society was founded on 1822, April 1.]
Website
France
Lyon
Société Linnéenne de Lyon (SLL) (Linnean Society of Lyon)
[The Society was founded on 1822, December 28.]
Website

1823
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Italy
Ferrara
Accademia delle Scienze di Ferrara (Academy of Sciences of Ferrara)
[This Academy was founded in 1823 as a group entitled Medica Conversazione. In 1825, it became Accademia Medico-Chirurgica di Ferrara. It later had the following names: (1) Accademia delle Scienze Mediche e Naturali di Ferrara; (2) Accademia di Scienze Mediche-Naturali e Fisico-Matematiche di Ferrara; and (3) Accademia delle Scienze di Ferrara (its current name).]
Website
India
Calcutta
Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta
[According to an authority record in the Illinet cat., a note on p.2 of the 1883, Sept.1 issue of the Circular of selections indicates that this Society was organized in Mar. 1823. A note at the at first in Calcutta website reads "The European physicians in Calcutta met on 1st March.1823, to found the 'Calcutta Medical & Physical Society'. The venue of the meeting was The Asiatic Society.". Records at Harvard Univ. cat. indicate that their Transactions were published 1823 - 1845 (v.1 - v.9, part 1). The Society may also have been known as the Medical and Physical Society of Bengal; no confirmation from a library catalogue has been found yet. Scudder, #3782a is a listing for a Vol.1, no.1 (1837) of a Quarterly Journal of what appears to be the same society: Calcutta Medical and Physical Society. RSLC, v.1, p.xxv cites something that appears to be the same thing, but with a different date and slightly different name: Quarterly Journal of the Medico-Physical Society published in Calcutta in 1857. It is not clear whether the Society survived past 1857.]
 
England
London
Meteorological Society of London
[The Meteorological Society of London was founded on 1823, October 15. It fell dormant from 1824 to 1832, in which year there were several meetings. It was revived again in 1836, and was active until 1843.]
 
England
London
Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (RASGBI) = Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland (RASGBI) = Royal Asiatic Society
[This Society was founded in 1823. It appears that in 1919 the Society of Biblical Archaeology (founded in 1870) merged into the RASGBI.]
Website
France
Caen
Société Linnéenne de Normandie (Linnean Society of Normandy)
[The Society was founded in 1823 as the Société Linnéenne du Calvados, and in 1826 became the Société Linnéenne de Normandie.]
[No website
found, as
of 2004, Nov.26.]

1824
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Italy
Catania
Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania (Gioenian Academy of Natural Sciences in Catania)
[The Academy was founded on 1824, May 16 as the Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania. At times since then it has also been known as the Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali and the Accademia Gioenia di Catania.]
Website
France
Normandy
Société des Antiquaires de Normandie (SAN) (Society of Antiquaries of Normandy)
Website

1825
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Denmark
Copenhagen
Kongelige Nordiske Oldskriftselskab = Société Royale des Antiquaires du Nord (Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries) [No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
England
London
Law Society of England and Wales (LSEW)
[According to its website, the Society was founded 1825, June 2. The Society's first formal name was Society of Attorneys, Solicitors, Proctors and others not being Barristers, practising in the Courts of Law and Equity of the United Kingdom, but it was known colloquially as the Law Society. In 1903 the Society changed its official name to the Law Society.]
Website
Hungary
Budapest
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA) (Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS))
[From Scudder #3372 and #3373, it would appear that prior to about 1846, this organization was called Magyar Tudós Társaság (Hungarian Scientific Society).]
Website

1826
Seat
Society Name
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Details
England
London
Entomological Club
[This Club began in 1826 as a scientific society, but later evolved into a dining club, which was still in existence in 1933. We have found no proof of its existence past 1933.]
 
Scotland
Edinburgh
Royal Scottish Academy
[This Academy was founded in 1826 as the Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. In 1838, it became the Royal Scottish Academy.]
Website
England
London
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)
Website

1827
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Germany
Leipzig
Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Erforschung vaterländischer Sprache und Alterthümer (German Society for Research on the German Language and Antiquities)
[The Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Erforschung vaterländischer Sprache und Alterthümer was formed in 1827 through the union of the Deutsche Gesellschaft in Leipzig (founded in 1727 through a re-organization of an existing society that had been founded in 1697) and the Verein zur Erforschung vaterländischer Geschichte und Alterthümer, also known as the Sächsischer Verein für Erforschung und Bewahrung Vaterländischer Alterthümer zu Leipzig. This Gesellschaft was in existence up to 1945.]
 
Netherlands
Friesland
Keninklik Frysk Genoatskip foar Skiednis en Kultuer = Koninklijk Fries Genootschap voor Geschiedenis en Cultuur (Frisian Society for History and Culture)
[The Society was founded on 1827, September 26 as the Provinciaal Friesch Genootschap ter Beoefening van Friesche Geschied-, Oudheid- en Taalkunde (Provincial Frisian Society for the Cultivation of Frisian History, Archaeology, and Linguistics). In 2002, it became the Keninklik Frysk Genoatskip foar Skiednis en Kultuer = Koninklijk Fries Genootschap voor Geschiedenis en Cultuur.]
Website
France
Marseille
Société de Statistique, d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Marseille et de Provence (Society of Statistics, History and Archaeology of Marseille and Provence) [No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
France
Paris
Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France (SNHF) (National Horticultural Society of France)
[The Society was founded in 1827 as the Société d'Horticulture de Paris. It later went through numerous name changes until 1886, when it became the Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France (SNHF).]
Website

1828
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Italy
Pesaro
Accademia Agraria di Pesaro (Agricultural Academy of Pesaro)
[No website
found, as
of 2004,
Nov.26.]
France
Nancy
Académie Lorraine des Sciences (ALS) (Lorraine Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy was founded in 1828 in Strasbourg as the Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Strasbourg. It later had the following names: (1) Société des Amis du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Strasbourg; (2) Société des Sciences Naturelles de Strasbourg; (3) Société des Sciences de Nancy; (4) Société Lorraine des Sciences; (5) Académie et Société Lorraines des Sciences; and (6) Académie Lorraine des Sciences (its current name).]
Website
England
Oxford
Ashmolean Natural History Society of Oxfordshire
[The Society was founded in 1828 as the Ashmolean Society. In 1901, the Oxfordshire Natural History Society merged with it to form the Ashmolean Natural History Society of Oxfordshire.]
Website
Germany
Berlin
Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin (GfE) (Geographical Society of Berlin) Website

1829
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Academia Nacional de Medicina (ANM) (National Academy of Medicine (Brazil))
[Founded in 1829 as Sociedade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro.]
Website
Germany
Leipzig
Medicinische Gesellschaft zu Leipzig (Medical Society in Leipzig)
[The Society was founded on 1829, January 13 as the Medicinische Gesellschaft zu Leipzig. It was also called at times the Medizinische Gesellschaft zu Leipzig. It ceased in 1943 December.]
 
Denmark
Copenhagen
Societas Philiatrica = Philiatrien (Society of Medical Knowledge)
[The Society was founded on 1829 May 29 as an alternative to the Kongelige Medicinske Selskab, which had been founded in 1772 (p.176-177, Genner). (Note: This is not to be confused with an earlier society also called Societas Philiatrica that existed from 1787 to 1791.) In 1872, the two societies merged to form the Medicinske Selskab i København.]
 

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